Meet Your Kidneys: Two Little Organs That Do a Big Job
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) explains that damaged kidneys can put extra stress on the heart—and indeed, people with kidney disease are much more likely to die from heart disease than from kidney failure. They’re also at higher risk for hypertension and stroke.
Our kidneys aren’t very large; each is about the size of a fist, and shaped—no surprise here—like a kidney bean. Yet every 30 minutes, these little organs filter all the blood in a person’s body. According to the National Institutes of Health, our kidneys filter enough fluid every day to fill the hot water heater of a house!
Each kidney is made up of millions of tiny filters called nephrons. If the nephrons are damaged, we can develop chronic kidney disease (CKD), making our kidneys less and less able to filter our blood and eliminate extra fluid, minerals and waste from our body. If not treated, CKD can lead to kidney failure, and a person will need dialysis (a treatment that filters the blood) or a kidney transplant.
The earlier treatment begins, the better a person’s outcome. But in the earliest stages of CKD, there usually are no symptoms that a person would notice. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) says that 10 percent of adults in the U.S. have CKD, but most don’t know they do. Here are risks factors to be aware of:
- High blood pressure
- Heart disease
- High cholesterol
- A family history of CKD
- Age 50 or older
Ask your doctor if you should be tested. In most cases, this consists of simple blood and urine tests.
Few cases of kidney disease can be reversed, but the progression of the disease can be slowed and managed by controlling diabetes and high blood pressure. If a person is diagnosed with CKD, regular medical supervision with a healthcare team that includes a nephrologist (kidney doctor) is important. The doctor may recommend medications, and it’s very important to take them as prescribed. The CDC also says that lifestyle changes can slow the progression of the disease. These include:
- Keep your blood pressure at the target your doctor recommends.
- If you have diabetes, stay in your target blood sugar range as much as possible.
- Get more exercise; physical activity helps control blood pressure and blood sugar levels.
- Lose weight if you’re overweight.
- If you smoke, quit.
- Meet with a dietitian to create and regularly update a kidney-healthy eating plan.
Source: IlluminAge AgeWise with information from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the National Institutes of Health.